Newfound Black Hole is closest one to us….Is there any danger from it??? The Dynamic Frequency Ratnadeep Das Choudhury

We all have seen black holes engulfing and destroying Earth in science fiction movies. Perhaps, the amount of destruction will be same as depicted…but, we should ask our-self that: Is it possible for a black-hole to be situated so near to our Earth so that it can cause catastrophic damage??? And if so, then which is the nearest black hole to us and how far it is???

Well, probably for the time beings, astronomers can’t answer the first question but luckily, now they have the answer for the second one!!!

A newfound black hole may be the closest black hole we have ever found and the most fascinating thing about it is, you can spot its system in the night sky without a telescope!!!...... Overwhelming right???

The blue dot in the middle of this picture is HR 6819  The Dynamic Frequency Ratnadeep Das Choudhury
The blue dot in the middle of this picture is HR 6819
This black hole is lurking 1011 light-years (about 9.5 thousand, million, million km) from Earth in the southern constellation of Telescopium. This distance might sound not so close, but on the scale of the universe, it’s just like next door. Until now, the closest known black hole was one perhaps three times further away.

According to the astronomers, this black hole was hiding in the ‘plain sight’. During winter in the Southern Hemisphere, you can observe the system as a blue point of light. This system of triple star system is named as HR 6819. Till now, it was considered as a triple (living) star system, but after the discovery of this black hole, the system consists of two living stars and one black hole.

The blue dot in the middle of this picture is HR 6819  The Dynamic Frequency Ratnadeep Das Choudhury
Artist's depiction of  HR 6819 system
HR 6819 containing a classical Be type star (designated as QV Tel B) having an unknown period, a B3 star (designated as QV Tel Aa) and a non-emitting (non-accreting) black hole having a mass of ≥5±0.4 M and designated as QV Tel Ab. If you have been following my articles on this website then you know that earlier I have discussed the formation of black holes and their natural behaviour. In that article, I explained how violent black holes are. Almost all of them have an accretion disk and their activities emit x-rays and gamma rays. By detecting those, we can detect a black hole and you can see the radiation emitted by the black hole in the first image of the black hole we have ever captured. But, in the case of HR 6819 the situation is totally different.  

The blue dot in the middle of this picture is HR 6819 The Dynamic Frequency Ratnadeep Das Choudhury
First picture of a black hole
This black hole is truly black’ since it doesn’t have any accretion disk and thus don’t emit any such radiation. For this reason, we couldn’t find this before. This was only discovered when astronomers observed that the other two stars are circling around an unknown object.

Blackhole of HR 6819 is the first stellar-mass black hole that doesn’t actively interfere with its surroundings.

This black hole was discovered by the astronomers from the European Southern Observatory and other institutes. The team found evidence for the invisible object by tracking its two companion stars using the MPG/ESO 2.2 metre telescope at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile. This team originally observed the system of HR 6819, as a part of a study of double-star systems.

Thomas Rivinus, an ESO scientist and astronomer, who has led the project has said that an invisible object having mass at least 4 times that of the sun can be nothing but a black hole.

The paper describing the discovery is published in the journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Astronomers have spotted few black holes in our galaxy to date and nearly all of them strongly interact with their environment and make their presence known by releasing powerful radiation like X-rays.

HR 6819 was regarded as a single star until an astronomer named Monika Maintz find out that the spectrum contained the signatures of two stars in 2009. The spectrum of this system contains both narrow and broadened lines. The broad lines originate from the (rapidly-rotating) ‘Be star’ and the narrow lines are from a more slowly rotating B-class giant.

Researchers have long speculated that the Milky Way is home of hundreds of millions of black holes which are hiding in the darkness and now finally, their assumption is proving right. But still, a question is left to ask….is there any danger from this particular black hole??? least for now, there is nothing worry about. But, who knows if someday, astronomers will find another black hole which is even closer than this one!!!

To know basics of the quantum world, astronomy and space exploration you can check out my book "Through the wormhole" on amazon kindle.

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Thanks for reading.....

See you next time!!!

                                                                      -Ratnadeep Das Choudhury
                                                      Founder and Writer of The Dynamic Frequency