Basic Theories

# Wave function Explained !!! Symmetric and antisymmetric wave function in detail!!! Cornerstone topic for Quantum Mechanics

**Erwin Schrodinger**was an Austrian physicist, who is famously known for the

**Schrodinger’s equation**, a cornerstone equation in modern quantum mechanics. In 1925, he adjusted

**de Broglie’s**inaccurate theory and added a so-called wave function to ever quantum object.

The

**wave function**is a mathematical function in which all the properties every quantum object are stored. Here properties refers to different parameters like**position**and**momentum**.
A wave function is denoted by Greek
letter

**psi****Ψ****.**

Wave function variation with respect to principal quantum number n |

**So, what was the problem with de Broglie’s theory??**

**De Broglie**perceived the wave as a physical object while Schrodinger’s wave function is merely abstract. Broglie didn’t added the properties we above discussed which were added by Schrodinger.

Wave function becomes very important
concept when we are discussing about the phenomena like

**quantum superposition**. In**quantum world**, we can witness such bizarre consequences and phenomena which are completely out of the world of our common sense and often very difficult to believe.**Types of Wave function:-**

Wave function can be briefly categorised
in two categories:-

1)

**Symmetric Wave Function**
2)

**Antisymmetric Wave Function**
While discussing this topic we should
keep in mind that in

**quantum world or micro-world**, we can say that an elementary particle or a subatomic particle is “**indistinguishable**” or “**same**”. There is**no way**in which you can refer that**an electron is different from other electron**.
In this quantum world, the words like
“

**indistinguishable**” or “**same**” or “**symmetric**” have completely different meaning.
Let understand this with an example.

Suppose you have two

**identical particles**but described by two different wave function, name it as**WAVEFUNC (1)**and**WAVEFUNC (2)**.
Now, you want to describe it as a
single wave function as WAVEFUNC (1, 2)

But what happens if we swap the
particles and represent them as a combined wave function as WAVEFUNC (2, 1)???

We should not observe any changes and
the system should look exactly same. One can achieve that if WAVEFUNC (1, 2) is
identical to WAVEFUNC (2, 1).

In some cases like in the case of

**fermions**, it may happen that the wave function changes its sign after swapping. This type of wave function is called as antisymmetric wave function. Then equation looks like,
WAVEFUNC (1, 2) = - WAVEFUNC
(2.1)

But in some cases like in the case of

**bosons**, the sign remains same. This type wave function is called as symmetric wave function and equation looks like,
WAVEFUNC (1, 2)
=WAVEFUNC (2.1)

So, we can represent the final
equation as,

WAVEFUNC (1, 2)
= ± WAVEFUNC (2.1)

To know more about

**bosons**and**fermions**click**here**......**To know basics of quantum world, astronomy and space exploration you can check out my book "Through the wormhole" on amazon kindle.**

Thanks for Reading!!!

-Ratnadeep Das Choudhury

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-Ratnadeep Das Choudhury

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